友课MBA加油站英语晨读2020-05-22

友课 2020-05-22 05:58:06

1.presume [prɪ'zjuːm]
v. 假定;推测,认为
We must presume innocence until we have evidence of guilt.
在掌握有罪证据之前应作无罪推定。
I presume you're here on business.
我想你是来这儿出差的吧。

2.*assume [ə'sjuːm]
vi. 假定,假设;认为;承担
to assume an obligation 承担义务
I didn’t see your car, so I assumed you’d gone out.
我没有看见你的汽车,所以我以为你出去了
assumption n. 假定;设想

3.hypothesis [haɪ'pɒθɪsɪs]
n. 假设,假说
The authors reject the hypothesis about unemployment contributing to crime.
这些作者否定了关于失业导致犯罪的假设。

4.*speculate ['spekjʊleɪt]
v. 推测,猜测
People have speculated for centuries about a future without work.
几个世纪以来人们都在猜想一个没有工作的未来。

5.*consume [kən'sjuːm]
v. 消耗,消费
She consumes much of her time in studying.
她把很多时间用在学习上。
consumption n. 消费;消耗
consumer n. 消费者;用户,顾客

6.resume [rɪˈzjuːm; ˈrɛzjʊmeɪ]
v. 重新开始,继续
n. 摘要;简历
He resumed his work after a short rest.
他休息片刻后又继续进行工作。

7.embark [ɪm'bɑːk; em-]
v. 开始从事;上船或飞机
He's embarking on a new career as a writer.
他开始了当作家的新生涯。

8.*launch [lɔːntʃ]
vt. 发射(导弹、火箭等);发起,开始
In 1970, China successfully launched a man-made satellite.
1970年,中国成功地发射了一颗人造卫星。
We are planning to launch a new internet service company next month.
我们打算下个月成立一个新的网络服务公司。

9.*initiate [ɪ'nɪʃɪeɪt]
vt. 开始,创始;发起
to initiate an attack 开始进攻
They wanted to initiate a discussion on economics.
他们想发起一次关于经济学的讨论。
initiative [ɪ'nɪʃɪətɪv] n. 主动权;主动性;计划,措施
take the initiative  采取主动;带头

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