友课MBA加油站英语晨读2019-03-14

友课 2019-03-14 06:11:04


词根tain = hold,拿,抓,握

1.attain [ə'teɪn]
v. 达到,获得 (类似achieve)
attain objectives/goals /independence  达到目标/获得独立
attainment n. 达到,成就,学识

2.obtain [əb'teɪn]
v. 获得
to obtain knowledge  获取知识
to obtain a master's degree 获得硕士学位

3.contain [kən'teɪn]
vt. 包含,容纳
container 集装箱,容器
content n. 内容,目录 adj. 满意的

4.retain [rɪ'teɪn]
vt. 保持,保留
She lost the battle to retain control of the company.
她没能保住对公司的控制权。

5.maintain [meɪn'teɪn]
vt. 维持,维修;主张
Despite living in different countries, the two families maintain close links.
尽管生活在不同的国家,俩家人还是保持着亲密的联系。
He maintains that he has never seen that woman.
他坚称从来没见过那个女人。
maintenance n. 维修,保养

6.sustain [sə'steɪn]
vt. 维持,支撑,供养
to sustain a family 养一家人
He seems to find it difficult to sustain relationships with women.
他似乎很难维持与女性之间的关系。
sustainable development  可持续发展

7.entertain [entə'teɪn]
vt. 娱乐,招待
What could be more entertaining than watching the downfall of the high and mighty?
有什么能比看到有权有势的人倒台更让人觉得愉悦呢?
entertaining adj. 令人愉悦的
entertainment n. 娱乐,款待

8.detain [dɪ'teɪn]
vt. 拘留,耽搁
A suspect was detained by the police for questioning.
一个嫌疑犯被警察拘留询问。

9.abstain [əb'steɪn]
vi. 戒除,避免
abstain from smoking/voting 戒烟/放弃表决

10.pertain [pə'teɪn]
vi. 相关
regulations pertaining to high-tech industries 与高科技产业相关的规定

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