友课MBA加油站英语晨读:Gaming addiction

友课 2018-06-23 07:00:00

Gaming addiction classified as mental health disorder by WHO


 游戏成瘾被WHO列入精神疾病


 Many parents will have thought it for a long time,but they now have a new argument to limit their children’s’screen time’-addiction to video games has been recognized by World Health Organization as a mental health disorder.The WHO’s latest reference bible of recognized and diagnosable diseases describes addiction to digital and video gaming as"a pattern of persistent or recurrent gaming behavior"that becomes so extensive that it"takes precedence over other life interests".


 许多家长因为孩子玩游戏的问题已经头疼很久了,但他们现在有了一个新的理由来限制他们孩子的“屏幕时间”——游戏成瘾已经被世界卫生组织认为是一种心理疾病。世卫组织最新公认的可诊断疾病的参考书将数码、视频游戏瘾描述为“一种持续不停、循环往复的玩游戏行为的模式”,这种模式“影响极大,甚至严重于其他生活爱好。”


 The International Classification of Diseases(ICD),which has been updated over the past 10 years,now covers 55,000 injuries,diseases and causes of death.It forms a basis for the WHO and other experts to see and respond to trends in health.It enables us to understand so much about what makes people get sick and die,and to take action to prevent suffering and save lives,WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement as the ICD was published.


 国际疾病分类在过去的10年中得到了更新,现在涵盖了55000种伤害、疾病和死亡原因。它是世界卫生组织和其他专家看到和回应健康趋势的基础。世卫组织总干事TAG在国际疾病分类发表时的声明中称,“国际疾病分类使我们能充分了解人类患病及死亡的原因,并且能使我们能在预防病痛和救人方面采取有效措施”。


 The ICD is also used by health insurers whose reimbursements depend on ICD classifications.This latest version-known as ICD-11-is completely electronic for the first time,in an effort to make it more accessible to doctors and other health workers around the world.ICD-11 also includes changes to sexual health classifications.Previous editions had categorized sexual dysfunction and gender incongruence,for example,under mental health conditions,while in ICD-11 these move to the sexual health section.The latest edition also has a new chapter on traditional medicine.The updated ICD is scheduled to be presented to WHO member states at their annual World Health Assembly in May 2019 for adoption in January 2022,the WHO said in a statement.


 医疗保险公司也可基于国际疾病分类的疾病分类进行赔付。国际疾病分类最新一版—ICD-11,首次完全采用电子版,为的是使世界上的医生和其他医疗工作者更便于利用它。ICD-11也改进了性健康分类。举例说明修改的地方:老版本对性功能障碍和性别不一致的定义归为心理健康类,而在ICD-11中,这些改归性健康类。最新一版还增加了传统医学的新章节。世卫组织声明中宣布,ICD-11计划于2019年5月的年度世界卫生大会上呈给世卫组织成员国,计划2022年1月应用。

1.persistent [pə'sɪst(ə)nt]
adj. 持续的;坚持不懈的

2.recurrent [rɪ'kʌr(ə)nt]
adj. 复发的;周期性的

3.precedence ['presɪd(ə)ns; prɪ'siːd(ə)ns]
n. 优先;居先

4.reimbursement [,ri:ɪm'bɜ:smənt]
n. 退还;赔偿

5.accessible [ək'sesɪb(ə)l]
adj. 易接近的;可进入的

6.dysfunction [dɪs'fʌŋ(k)ʃ(ə)n]
n. 功能紊乱;机能障碍

7.incongruence [ɪn'kɑŋgrʊəns]
n. 不一致;不协调

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