友课MBA加油站英语晨读:History of Father’s Day

友课 2018-06-17 07:00:00

History of Father’s Day


 History of Father’s Day Festival as seen today is not even a hundred years old.Thanks to the hard work and struggle of Ms Sonora Louise Smart Dodd of Washington that just as we have set aside Mother’s Day to honor mothers we have a day to acknowledge the important role played by the father.


 现代父亲节的历史还不到100年。由于华盛顿索诺拉·路易斯的努力争取,就和我们有专门纪念母亲的母亲节一样,我们有了一个特别的日子来纪念父亲这一重要角色。

友课友课英语晨读:History of Father’s Day


History of Father’s Day in US 美国父亲节的历史

 Modern version of Father’s Day celebration originated in United States of America and thereafter the tradition spread in countries around the world.The world owes thanks to Ms Sonora Louise Smart Dodd a loving daughter from Spokane,Washington as it is because of her struggle that Father’s Day saw the light of the day.


 现代父亲节起源于美国,随后这个传统在全世界各国都流传了开来。全世界都要因此感谢来自华盛顿斯波坎的一个可爱女儿索诺拉·路易斯,正是因为她的努力才有了父亲节这个节日。


 The idea of Father’s Day celebration originated in Sonora’s mind when she per chance listened to Mother’s Day sermon in 1909.Fairly mature at the age 27,Sonora pondered if there is a day to honor mother then why not for father?Sonora felt strongly for fathers because of the affection she received from her own father Mr William Jackson Smart,a Civil War veteran.Sonora’s mother died while childbirth when she was just 16.Mr Smart raised the newborn and five other children with love and care.


 庆祝父亲节的念头第一次出现在索诺拉的心中是在1909年,当时她偶然听到了母亲节的布道。27岁的索诺拉已经相当成熟了,她琢磨着既然有母亲节,那么为什么没有父亲节?由于受到父亲威廉(一个内战老兵)的影响,索诺拉对父亲们很有好感。索诺拉的母亲在分娩时去世,当时她只有16岁。后来,父亲威廉用爱和关怀将那名新生儿和其他5个孩子抚养长大。


 Inspired by Ms Anna Jarvis’s struggle to promote Mother’s Day,Ms Dodd began a rigorous campaign to celebrate Father’s Day in US.The Spokane Ministerial Association and the local Young Men’s Christian Association(YMCA)supported Sonora’s cause.As a result Spokane celebrated its first Father’s Day on June 19,1910.Though there was initial hesitation the idea gained gradual popularity all over US and Fathers Day came to be celebrated in cities across the country.


 受到安娜·贾维斯推动母亲节努力的启发,索诺拉在美国发起了庆祝父亲节的运动。斯波坎部长协会和当地的青年会都对索诺拉表示了支持。最终,1910年6月19日,斯波坎庆祝了第一个父亲节。虽然最初有点犹豫,但是这一想法逐渐流行起来,全美各地城市都开始庆祝父亲节。


 Looking at the heightened popularity of Father’s Day in US,President Woodrow Wilson approved of this idea in 1916.President Calvin Coolidge too supported the idea of a national Father’s Day in 1924 to,"establish more intimate relations between fathers and their children and to impress upon fathers the full measure of their obligations".After a protracted struggle of over four decades,President Lyndon Johnson signed a presidential proclamation declaring the third Sunday of June as Father’s Day in 1966.Then in 1972,President Richard Nixon established a permanent national observance of Father’s Day to be held on the third Sunday of June.Sonora Smart Dodd was honored for her contribution at the World’s Fair in Spokane in 1974.Mrs.Dodd died in 1978 at age 96.


 鉴于父亲节在美国日益流行起来,1916年时任总统威尔逊批准了这一想法。1924年时任总统卡尔文·柯立芝也对成立全国性父亲节的想法表示支持,从而“在父亲和孩子之间建立更密切的关系,明确父亲们的义务”。在四十多年的争取之后,1966年时任总统林登·约翰逊签署了一份总统声明,宣布每年6月第三个星期日为父亲节。1972年时任总统尼克松在6月第三个星期日举行了一场全国性的父亲节纪念活动。1974年在斯波坎世界博览会上,索诺拉因其这一贡献而受到人们的尊敬。索诺拉最终于1978年去世,享年96岁。

1.see the light of the day
诞生;问世

2.sermon ['sɜːmən]
n. / v. 布道

3.ponder ['pɒndə]
v. 考虑;沉思

4.veteran ['vet(ə)r(ə)n]
n. 老兵

5.rigorous ['rɪg(ə)rəs]
adj. 严格的,严厉的

6.protracted [prə'træktɪd]
adj. 拖延的

7.proclamation [prɒklə'meɪʃn]
n. 公告;宣布

8.permanent ['pɜːm(ə)nənt/]
adj. 永久的;不变的

9.observance [əb'zɜːv(ə)ns]
n. 惯例;遵守;庆祝

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