友课MBA加油站英语晨读2018-04-14

友课 2018-04-14 07:00:00

 On Optimism and Pessimism


 说说乐观与悲观


 There are two types of people in the world.Although they have equal degrees of health and wealth and the other comforts of life,one becomes happy,while the other becomes miserable.This arises from the different ways in which they consider things,persons,and events,and the resulting effects upon their minds.One is said to be optimistic and the other pessimistic about everything around them.


 People who are to be happy fix their attention on the conveniences of things,the pleasant parts of conversations,the well-prepared dishes and the fine weather.They enjoy all the cheerful things.Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of contrary things.Therefore,they are continually discontented with themselves.By their remarks,they sour the pleasures of society,offend many people,and make themselves disagreeable everywhere.


 世上有两种人,尽管他们在健康,财富以及生活的舒适度等方面相同,但是一种人心情舒畅,而另一种人却满腹惆怅。这是由于他们在考虑问题分析事物,评价他人及外界事物给他们带来的影响的方式有所不同。对于身边的一切事物来说,有些人是乐观的有些人却是悲观的。快乐的人往往把注意力集中在使人舒心的事情,令人高兴的话语,香甜可口的饭菜和清爽宜人的天气上,他们充分享受着人生的乐趣。而郁郁寡欢的人言行举止却截然相反,因此,他们自寻烦恼,怨天怨地,牢骚满腹,触怒他人,使自己走到哪儿都成了不受欢迎的人。

1.optimism ['ɔptimizəm]
n. 乐观,乐观主义
optimistic[.ɔpti'mistik] adj. 乐观的,乐观主义的

2.pessimism ['pesimizəm]
n. 悲观,悲观主义
pessimistic [.pesi'mistik] adj. 悲观的,悲观主义的

3.miserable ['mizərəbl]
adj. 悲惨的,痛苦的,贫乏的

4.arise from
由…引起,起因于

5.convenience [kən'viːnɪəns]
n. 便利;合宜

6.contrary ['kɔntrəri]
adj. 相反的,截然不同的

7.discontented [diskən'tentid]
adj. 不满意的
discontent [dɪskən'tent] vt. 使不满 n. 不满 adj. 不满的

8.offend [ə'fend]
vt. 犯罪,冒犯

9.disagreeable [disə'griəbl]
adj. 不愉快的,厌恶的,不为人喜的

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